COP27 Climate Change Conference:urgent action needed for Africa and the world

Published:November 02, 2022DOI:
      The 2022 report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) paints a dark picture of the future of life on earth, characterised by ecosystem collapse, species extinction, and climate hazards such as heatwaves and floods (

      IPCC. Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Working Group II Contribution to the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report; 2022.

      ). These are all linked to physical and mental health problems, with direct and indirect consequences of increased morbidity and mortality. To avoid these catastrophic health effects across all regions of the globe, there is broad agreement—as 231 health journals argued together in 2021—that the rise in global temperature must be limited to less than 1.5oC compared with pre-industrial levels.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


      1. IPCC. Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Working Group II Contribution to the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report; 2022.

      2. UN. The Paris Agreement: United Nations; 2022 [Available from: (accessed 12/9/2022)].

      3. Climate change and Health in Sub-saharan Africa: The Case of Uganda. Climate Investment Funds; 2020.

      4. WHO. Strengthening Health Resilience to Climate Change 2016.

      5. Trisos CH, I.O. Adelekan, E. Totin, A. Ayanlade, J. Efitre, A. Gemeda, et al. Africa. In: Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. 2022 [Available from: 26/9/2022)].

      6. Climate Change Adaptation and Economic Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank; 2021.

        • Opoku S.K.
        • Leal Filho W.
        • Hubert F.
        • Adejumo O.
        Climate Change and Health Preparedness in Africa: Analysing Trends in Six African Countries.
        Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021; 18: 4672
        • Evans M.
        • Munslow B.
        Climate change, health, and conflict in Africa’s arc of instability.
        Perspectives in Public Health. 2021; 141: 338-341
      7. S. P. Stawicki, T. J. Papadimos, S. C. Galwankar, A. C. Miller, Firstenberg MS. Reflections on Climate Change and Public Health in Africa in an Era of Global Pandemic. Contemporary Developments and Perspectives in International Health Security. 2: Intechopen; 2021.

      8. Climate change and Health in Africa: Issues and Options: African Climate Policy Centre 2013 [Available from: (accessed 12/9/2022)].

      9. Climate change is an increasing threat to Africa2020. Available from: (accessed 12/9/2022).

        • Atwoli L.
        • Muhia J.
        • Merali Z.
        Mental health and climate change in Africa.
        BJPsych International. 2022; (accessed 26/9/22022): 1-4
      10. Climate Vulnerable Economies Loss report. Switzerland: Vulnerable twenty group; 2020.

      11. Ritchie H. Who has contributed most to global CO2 emissions? Our World in Data. (accessed 12/9/2022).

      12. Bilotta N, Botti F. Paving the Way for Greener Central Banks. Current Trends and Future Developments around the Globe. Rome: Edizioni Nuova Cultura for Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI); 2022.

      13. WHO. COP26 special report on climate change and health: the health argument for climate action. . Geneva: World Health Organization; 2021.

        • Al-Mandhari A.
        • Al-Yousfi A.
        • Malkawi M.
        • El-Adawy M.
        Our planet, our health”: saving lives, promoting health and attaining well-being by protecting the planet – the Eastern Mediterranean perspectives.
        East Mediterr Health J. 2022; 28: 247-248
        Date accessed: September 26, 2022
        • Evans Simon
        • Gabbatiss Josh
        • McSweeney Robert
        • Chandrasekhar Aruna
        • Tandon Ayesha
        • Viglione Giuliana
        • et al.
        COP26: Key outcomes agreed at the UN climate talks in Glasgow.
        Carbon Brief [Internet]. 2021; (Available from: 12/9/2022))