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Comparative growth dynamics of bacterial and fungal contaminants in liposomal bupivacaine, bupivacaine 0.5%, and propofol

      Introduction: Bupivacaine liposomal injectable suspension (BLIS) provides local analgesia for up to 72 hours. Multiple vial punctures over consecutive days have been suggested as a cost-effective, extra-label handling strategy. It is unknown, however, if BLIS supports microbial growth when extrinsically contaminated.
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