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Measurement of tracheal diameters using ultrasonography versus computed tomography in Beagle dogs

  • Hyunseok Kim
    Affiliations
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

    The Ian Animal Medical Center, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Kyuyong Kang
    Affiliations
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Taehoon Sung
    Affiliations
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Suehyung Rhee
    Affiliations
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Won-gyun Son
    Affiliations
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Junghee Yoon
    Affiliations
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Inhyung Lee
    Correspondence
    Correspondence: Inhyung Lee, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, 1, Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea.
    Affiliations
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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      Abstract

      Objective

      To compare ultrasonography with computed tomography (CT) for assessment of tracheal diameter as a feasibility study for endotracheal tube selection.

      Study design

      Prospective study.

      Animals

      A total of nine Beagle dogs with a median (interquartile range) weight of 7.4 (7.2–7.7) kg.

      Methods

      Tracheal diameter measurements were obtained at two locations: 1 cm proximal to caudal border of the cricoid cartilage (sublaryngeal; SL) and dorsal to above cranial border of the manubrium (thoracic inlet; TI). For CT, dogs were anesthetized with propofol and sevoflurane, in sternal recumbency, and measurements obtained after controlled ventilation–induced apnea and the endotracheal tube cuff was deflated. Transverse diameter, right and left 45° oblique diameters were measured. For ultrasonography, unsedated dogs were standing with slight neck extension, and images obtained in ventrodorsal, 45° right and left oblique ways after expiration. Diameters between the tracheal lumen mucosal borders were measured. The degree of agreement between the tracheal diameters measured at SL and TI locations with CT (TDCT-SL and TDCT-TI) and ultrasonography (TDUS-SL and TDUS-TI) was verified using the Bland-Altman method.

      Results

      The agreement between the measurements obtained with CT and ultrasonography was revealed by Bland-Altman analyses, although ultrasonography tended to slightly underestimate the tracheal diameter.

      Conclusions and clinical relevance

      Ultrasonography can be applied for tracheal diameter measurement. Although further studies are required, an endotracheal tube selection method, using ultrasonography, could be proposed.

      Keywords

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